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Elements of Effective Environmental Education Programs


While said more than 30 years ago, the importance of this statement has not lessened. Amidst numerous, growing and complex environmental problems, the need for the preparation of world problem solvers is as great as ever (Wisconsin DPI, 1994). Environmental educators have globally accepted this role of preparing students to become critical thinkers, informed decision-makers and able communicators--a role that exceeds far beyond presenting information. Environmental education helps learners achieve environmental literacy, which has attitude and behavior components in addition to a knowledge component. Thus, the goal of environmental education is to instill in learners knowledge about the environment, positive attitudes toward the environment, competency in citizen action skills, and a sense of empowerment.


Label Value
Author Julie A. Athman and Martha C. Monroe
Keywords Environmnetal education, program development
Pedagogical Area
  • place-based education, environment as integrating context (EIC)
Delivery Area
  • school based
  • on site day programs (nature center, farm, etc.)
  • community education
Outcome Area
  • self efficacy
  • environmental knowledge, attitude and awareness
  • stewardship behavior
  • environmental change
Participant Area
  • student
  • educator
  • program
  • organization
  • environment