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Are you interested in learning more? Check out the following articles and books on place-based education and sense of place development. If you have others you would like to share here, send them to

  • Abbot-Chapman, J. (2006). "Time out in 'green retreats' & adolescent wellbeing." Youth Studies Australia, 25(4), 9–16.
  • Bishop, S. (2004). The Power of Place. English Journal, 93(6), 65–69.
  • Gibbs, T., & Howley, A. (2000). "World-Class Standards" and Local Pedagogies: Can We Do Both? Charleston, WV: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EDO-RC-008)
  • Gruenewald, D.A. and Smith, G.A. (2007). Place-based Education In the Global Age. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Gruenewald, D. (2003). "Foundations of Place: A Multidisciplinary Framework for Place-Conscious Education." American Educational Research Journal, 40, 619–654.
  • Gruenewald, D. (2003). "The Best of Both Worlds: A Critical Pedagogy of Place." Educational Researcher, 32(4), 3–12.
  • Jennings, N., Swindler, S., & Coliba, C. (2005). "Place-based Education in the Standards-based Reform Era—Conflict or Complement?" American Journal of Education, 112, (1ov), 44–65.
  • Knapp, C & Woodhouse, J. (2003). "Place-Based Pedagogy: Experiential Learning for Culturally and Ecologically Sustainable Communities." Paper presented at the Experiential—Community—Workbased: Researching Learning Outside the Academy International Conference at Glasgow Caledonian University, Scotland, June 27–29, 2003.
  • Martin, J. (2001). "Learning to Teach Students in the Community and Environment." Clearing, 110 (Fall): 10–13.
  • Powers, A.L. (2004). "An Evaluation of Four Place-based Education Programs." Journal of Environmental Education, 35(4), 17–32.
  • Rosenthal, J. (2008). Place-based Education Research and Studies Annotated Bibliography. Graduate student, Curriculum & Instruction, SUNY at Albany, NY. 
  • Smith, G.A. (2007). "Place-based Education: breaking through the constraining regularities of public school." Environmental Education Research, 13(2), 189–207.
  • Smith, G. (1998). "Rooting Children in Place." Encounter, 11(4), 13–24.
  • Smith, G. (2001). "Learning Where We Live." San Francisco, CA: Funders Forum on Environment and Education.
  • Smith, G. (2002a). "Going Local." Educational Leadership, 60(1), 30–33.
  • Smith, G. (2002b). "Place-based Education: Learning To Be Where We Are." Phi Delta Kappan, 83, 584–594.
  • Smith, Monica. (2007). "Place-based Education and the Museum." Journal of Museum Education. Vol.32, 3.  This 116 page issue contains nine articles dedicated to place-based education.
  • Stone, M.K. and Barlow, Z., Eds. (2005). Ecological Literacy: Educating our Children for a Sustainable World. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.
  • Sobel, D. (2007). "Climate Change Meets Ecophobia." Connect Magazine. Vol 21 (2), 14–22.
  • Sobel, D. (2004). Place-based Education: Connecting Classrooms & Communities. Orion Society. Nature Literacy Series, No. 4.
  • Sobel, D. (1998). Mapmaking with Children. Portsmouth, Heinemann.
  • Sobel, D. (1996). Beyond Ecophobia: Reclaiming the Heart in Nature Education. Great Barrington, Orion Society.
  • Sobel, D. (1993). Children's Special Places: Exploring the role of forts, dens, and bush houses in middle childhood. Zephyr Press.
  • Theobald, P., & Curtiss, J. (2000). "Communities as Curricula." Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy, 15(1), 106–111 .
  • Vickers, V.G., and Matthews, C.E. (2002). "Children and Place." Science Activities. (vol 39, p. 16): Heldref Publications.
  • Wilson, R. (1997). "A Sense of Place." Early Education Journal, 24 (3), 191–194.
  • Woodhouse, J., & Knapp, C. (2000). "Place-based Curriculum and Instruction: Outdoor and Environmental Education Approaches." Charleston, WV: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED448012.
  • Woodhouse, J. (2001). "Over the River and Through the 'Hood': Re-viewing 'Place' as a Focus of Pedagogy." Thresholds in Education, 27 (3 & 4), 1–5.


Montana's Forest for Every Classroom

A Place-Based Professional Development Workshop Series “Public lands have tremendous potential to contribute to education and quality of life in our communities. If we can get young people thinking about not only the future of their parks and forests but also the future of their local communities, that’s the beginning of lifelong learning, and it is also cultivating stewardship.” Nora Mitchell, Director, Conservation Study Institute. A Common Vision Today’s students will become responsible citizens if they understand the places in which they live, and if they have educational opportunities based on real life issues that encourage them to be stewards of their own communities. Inspired by a common vision of students learning from and caring for public lands, the Helena National Forest, Montana Discovery Foundation, Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks, and the Elkhorns Working Group have joined efforts to create A Forest for Every Classroom (FFEC). FFEC is a professional development program for educators focused on place-based education. Teachers who participate in FFEC develop curriculum that foster student understanding of and appreciation for the public lands in their communities. The teacher-developed curricula integate hands-on natural and cultural exlplorations that address concepts in ecology, sense of place, stewards, and civics. At the heart of the FFEC program is the belief that students who are immersed in the interdisciplinary study of “place” are more eager to learn and be involved in the stewardhip of their communities and public lands.

Helena, Montana

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